Testicular Cancer


Most testicular cancers are found by men themselves. Also, doctors generally examine the testicles during routine physical exams. Between regular checkups, if a man notices anything unusual about his testicles, he should talk with his doctor. When testicular cancer is found early, the treatment can often be less aggressive and may cause fewer side effects.

Men should see a doctor if they notice any of the following symptoms of testicular cancer:

  • A painless lump or swelling in either testicle

  • Any enlargement of a testicle or change in the way it feels

  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum

  • A dull ache in the lower abdomen or the groin (the area where the thigh meets the abdomen)

  • A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum

  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum

These symptoms can be caused by testicular cancer or by other conditions. It is important to see a doctor to determine the cause of any potential testicular cancer symptoms.

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